Efficient Dynamic Searchable Encryption with Forward Privacy

Authors: Mohammad Etemad (University of Virginia), Alptekin Küpçü (Koç University), Charalampos Papamanthou (University of Maryland, College Park), David Evans (University of Virginia)

Volume: 2018
Issue: 1
Pages: 5–20
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/popets-2018-0002

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Abstract: Searchable symmetric encryption (SSE) enables a client to perform searches over its outsourced encrypted files while preserving privacy of the files and queries. Dynamic schemes, where files can be added or removed, leak more information than static schemes. For dynamic schemes, forward privacy requires that a newly added file cannot be linked to previous searches. We present a new dynamic SSE scheme that achieves forward privacy by replacing the keys revealed to the server on each search. Our scheme is efficient and parallelizable and outperforms the best previous schemes providing forward privacy, and achieves competitive performance with dynamic schemes without forward privacy. We provide a full security proof in the random oracle model. In our experiments on the Wikipedia archive of about four million pages, the server takes one second to perform a search with 100,000 results.

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